Cyber Security is the art of protecting networks, devices, and data from unauthorized access or criminal use. It is the practice of ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. Today, everything relies on computers and the internet so it becomes important to secure cyber crime. It aims to protect the company’s digital assets against cyber attacks. The main objective of cyber security is to ensure confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data services.
In today’s digital era, where information is available at everyone’s disposal and is accessible anywhere at any time then, there is a great need for data privacy and protection. A holistic approach to cyber security needs to be devised which can not only detect but also protect, prevent, and remediate organizations from cyber-attacks.
From everyday security measures to larger patching and monitoring, cyber security is one of the top business concerns. There’s a lot of ambiguity about what cyber security entails and what is the right solution for your business?
While ensuring cyber security it requires coordinated efforts throughout the whole information system. The main elements of cyber security include:
• Application Security
• Information System.
• Network security.
• Operational security.
• End-user education.
The goal of implementing cyber security is to provide a good security program for computers, servers, networks, etc. The cyber-attacks can be designed to access, delete the user sensitive data. Thus, it makes cyber security vital.
Cyber Security threats are classified into different categories:
- Malware : Malware is a type of malicious software, in which any file or program can be used to harm a computer user like worms, computer viruses, spyware, etc.
- Ransomware : It involves locking the victim’s computer system files typically through encryption. It demands a payment to decrypt and then unlock them.
- Social Engineering : Social engineering is an attack that relies on human interaction to trick users. It gains all the sensitive information which is typically protected.
What are the types of Cyber Security?
Following are the common types of Cyber Security:
- Network Security – It is a method of protecting the network from outside threat. It controls the incoming and outgoing network connections.
- Data Loss Prevention – It is a method of protecting data from loss by focusing on the location, classification, and information monitoring.
- Cloud Security – It provides protection for data of cloud-based applications and services.
- Intrusion Detection System – It is a system to detect potentially hostile cyber activity.
- Identity and Access Management – It is an authentication system to protect internal systems from malicious users.
- Antivirus – It is used to scan computer systems to identify known threats and suspicious activity.
Some of the major benefits of cyber security are:
• It helps in protecting the business against malware, ransomware, and social engineering.
• It protects data and networks.
• Prevention of unauthorized users.
• Helps in improving the recovery time.
• Protection for end users.
• Improve the confidence in the product for both developers as well as customers.
To minimize the risks of cyber attacks, follow the basic cyber security rules:
• Keep Software up to date.
• Run Up-to-date Antivirus software.
• Make use of strong passwords.
• Change default usernames and passwords.
• Implement multi-factor authentication.
• Install firewall.
• Be Suspicious of unexpected emails.
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